Tooth extraction is a common dental procedure used to remove a tooth that cannot be repaired or saved. While it is a relatively safe procedure, there are some risks and complications that can occur after the extraction. The most common complication is dry alveolitis, which occurs when the blood clot that forms in the gum cavity breaks off one to three days after surgery. This exposes the jawbone and nerves and can cause severe pain and slow healing.
Other types of complications include osteoradionecrosis, bite collapse, and improper tooth alignment. Usually, after an extraction, the dentist may recommend more dental work, such as dental implants, dentures, or bridges. This is usually to ensure that the remaining teeth remain in position even after extraction. Experiencing some swelling, pain, or bleeding after a tooth extraction is completely normal for all patients and will occur for at least a day or two.
However, if any of these factors worsen and don't go away after 24 to 48 hours, contact your oral surgeon. Your persistent symptoms could be a sign of an infection. Usually, the swelling goes away, or at least begins to subside after a couple of days. However, tell your doctor if the swelling persists or increases after 3 days.
You'll also want to contact the oral surgeon if you're experiencing unbearable pain with swelling.
Alveolar osteitisis the medical term for what we commonly know as dry alveolitis. Unfortunately, dry alveolitis is one of the most common complications that people experience after tooth extractions. When a blood clot forms at the extraction site, it may break off prematurely.
As a result, the missing clot will expose the jaw and nerves to air and food particles. Alveolitis sicca can usually occur two to three days after the procedure if post-surgical care instructions are not followed. It causes severe pain, which can spread to the ear and throat and cause an unpleasant taste or smell. At the same time, if you do not seek treatment immediately, alveolitis can develop into a serious oral infection.
Dry alveolitis is more common in cases where dental patients have lower jaw extractions and in people who smoke. This is why dentists recommend not smoking for several days after surgery. Women who take oral contraceptives are also at greater risk of developing dry alveolitis. In general, surgeons will treat dry alveolitis with painkillers and antibiotics.
They can also provide medicated dressings to help stimulate the development of a new clot. An infection can develop at the extraction site for several reasons and cause swelling, pain, and high fever. With an infection, you may start to develop flu-like symptoms, feel fatigue, and generally feel miserable. In addition, you may notice a white or yellow discharge at the site of the tooth extraction.
To make a diagnosis, an examination and perhaps an X-ray are usually required. If you get an infection, you'll need to take antibiotics (most likely for a long time) for treatment. There are some other complications that can occur after a tooth extraction, such as a maxillary bone infection or others. However, these types of complications are extremely rare and very rare.
When patients have post-surgical complications, it's usually because they didn't follow aftercare instructions. Therefore, we can prevent most complications simply by strictly following the instructions given by the oral surgeon. In addition, it is important to give yourself adequate time to heal. There are a number of well-known risks with extracting a tooth such as bruising and swelling at the extraction site, development of infection or possible nerve injury if the nerve is close to the extraction site.
However, inhaling the tooth after it has been extracted is less well documented but can have some serious complications if it occurs.